The Blue Peace approach adds particular value to the following:
Water negotiations provide opportunities for two (or more) parties to come together to negotiate joint transboundary water agreements, with or without external support. These agreements can range from commitments to provide access to technical information all the way up to the establishment of river basin organisations, enhancing sustainable water management in an atmosphere of mutual trust and confidence.
Third party mediation offers additional opportunities to drive mutual understanding and drive collective actions around shared water. The Geneva Water Hub has established the Global Observatory for Water and Peace (GOWP) which was a recommendation of the Global High Level on Water and Peace. It also provides a safe space where countries dealing with conflicts or in need of advice can learn about models of cooperation or receive support in their ongoing negotiations processes. The Observatory can also facilitate identification of potential stakeholders in a position to address specific needs or help secure financing for transboundary water projects as well as facilitate fact finding and good practices. Other more direct forms of dispute settlement would be dealt with by existing mechanisms.
Water diplomacy is defined as the art or practice of using water as a tool for conducting international relations. Water diplomacy can be bilateral, between two involved parties, or include the involvement of a third party. Using the tools mentioned above (water mediation and water negotiation), water diplomacy supports increased engagement, transparency and cooperation between countries.
Want more? Details on the Swiss toolbox for Blue Peace can be found here